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Following a volatile year, what are you planning to do with your equity exposure going into 2016?

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Words of caution for investors

These products are still relatively new to the market and they have not yet established anything like a solid track record. But there is no shortage of interest in them in investment circles, albeit tempered by adegree of scepticism.

The scepticism hinges partly on the downside risks when a fund manager gets it wrong. With long-only funds, the potential loss is limited to the amount of the original investment: in effect, when it's gone, it's gone. By contrast, the potential loss on short positions is uncapped. When, against expectations, a shorted stock rises not only does the anticipated profit not materialise – as it goes higher, it moves the short position into loss, and there is theoretically no constraint on how high this can go.

Let us also remember that the extra leverage that shorting brings to the mix can work in both directions: if it boosts returns by increasing a fund's participation in the upside, it has a similar gearing effect when the market is heading south.

The key to this strategy is that managers must know the securities they are dealing with, and this is doubly crucial when taking short positions. Long-only managers do not necessarily have adequate shorting skills, and it is no coincidence that hedge fund managers with experience in this area find themselves targets for recruitment.

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Data provided by FE. Care has been taken to ensure that the information is correct, but FE neither warrants, represents nor guarantees the contents of information, nor does it accept any responsibility for errors, inaccuracies, omissions or any inconsistencies herein. Past performance does not predict future performance, it should not be the main or sole reason for making an investment decision. The value of investments and any income from them can fall as well as rise.